Macau (GPS: 22 10 N, 113 33 E) is located in Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China. The country’s area measurements are total: 28.2 sq km; land: 28.2 sq km, water: 0 sq km. This sovereign state is less than one-sixth the size of Washington, DC. The total irrigated land is 0 sq km (2012).
One of the critical features of Macau: Essentially urban. An area of land reclaimed from the sea measuring 5.2 sq km and known as Cotai now connects Coloane and Taipa’s islands. The island area is connected to the mainland peninsula by three bridges.
It’s significant, and at the same time, the principal city, Macau’s GPS coordinates are 22 12 N 113 32 E. Macau’s local time is 13 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time. The capital’s time difference: UTC+8.
Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. According to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its “one country, two systems” formula, China’s political and economic system would not be imposed on Macau and that Macau would enjoy a “high degree of autonomy” in all matters except foreign affairs and defense for the subsequent 50 years.
Macau’s names conventional long form: Macau Special Administrative Region, conventional short form: Macauofficial long form: Aomen Tebie Xingzhengqu (Chinese); Regiao Administrativa Especial de Macau (Portuguese) official short form: Aomen (Chinese); Macau (Portuguese), etymology: name is thought to derive from the A-Ma Temple – built in 1488 and dedicated to Mazu, the goddess of seafarers and fishermen – which is referred to locally as “Maa Gok” and which in Portuguese became “Macau”; the Chinese name Aomen means “inlet gates.”
Macau’s terrain is typically generally flat. The country’s mean elevation: N/A, elevation extremes; lowest point: the South China Sea 0 m, highest point: Coloane Alto 172 m.
The general climate in the country; subtropical: marine with cool winters, warm summers.
The total number of border countries is 0; none are the neighboring nations with the indicated border lengths. Macau’s coastline is 41 km, while its marital claims are: not specified. Waterways: N/A. Land use: agricultural land: 0%; arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%; forest: 0%; other: 100% (urban area) (2011 estimate).
The population in Macau 606,340 (July 2018 estimate), urban population: 100% of total population (2015), major urban area’s population: N/A, while Macau has N/A. Their spoken languages are: Cantonese 83.3%, Mandarin 5%, Hokkien 3.7%, English 2.3%, other Chinese dialects 2%, Tagalog 1.7%, Portuguese 0.7%, other 1.3%. Note: Chinese and Portuguese are official language languages (2011 estimate). Macau’s main religions are Buddhist 50%, Roman Catholic 15%, none or other 35% (1997 estimate). The nation uses a civil law system based on the Portuguese model. It is a(n) presidential limited democracy; a special administrative region of the PRC, National holiday(s) National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China), 1 October (1949).
Economic overview for the country: Since opening up its locally-controlled casino industry to foreign competition in 2001, Macau has attracted tens of billions of dollars in foreign investment, transforming the territory into one of the world’s largest gaming centers. Macau’s gaming and tourism businesses were fueled by China’s decision to relax travel restrictions on Chinese citizens wishing to visit Macau. In 2016, Macau’s gaming-related taxes accounted for more than 76% of total government revenue. Macau’s economy slowed dramatically in 2009 as a result of the global economic slowdown. Still, strong growth resumed in the 2010-2013 period, mainly on the back of tourism from mainland China and the gaming sectors. In 2015, this city of 646,800 hosted nearly 30.7 million visitors. Almost 67% came from mainland China.
Macau’s traditional manufacturing industry has slowed dramatically since the termination of the Multi-Fiber Agreement in 2005. Services export, primarily gaming, increasingly has driven Macau’s economic performance. Mainland China’s anti-corruption campaign brought Macau’s gambling boom to a halt in 2014, with spending in casinos contracting 34.3% in 2015. As a result, Macau’s inflation-adjusted GDP contracted 21.5% in 2015 and another 2.1% in 2016 – down from double-digit expansion rates in 2010-2013 – but the economy recovered handsomely in 2017. Macau continues to face the challenges of managing its growing casino industry, risks from money-laundering activities, and the need to diversify the economy away from heavy dependence on gaming revenues. Macau’s currency, the pataca, is closely tied to the Hong Kong dollar, which is also freely accepted in the territory.
Macau’s natural resources: There are few natural resources, an exception being fish in the Pearl River estuary, which are used for local needs. Agriculture is minimal; small quantities of vegetables are grown, and there is some poultry raising (chickens and eggs).
Main export partners for Macau, Southeast Asia are Hong Kong 63.4%, China 18.2% (2015) for clothing, textiles, footwear, toys, electronics, machinery, and parts, while the main import partners for the country are: China 33.8%, Hong Kong 8.8%, Japan 8.5%, Switzerland 8%, France 6.9%, Italy 6.7%, US 6.7% (2015) for raw materials and semi-manufactured goods, consumer goods (foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco, garments and footwear, motor vehicles), capital goods, mineral fuels, and oils.
When you visit this country in Southeast Asia, consider the natural hazards in Macau: Typhoons, while infectious diseases are N/A. Also, note that Macau faces the following environmental issues: Air pollution, Coastal waters pollution, Insufficient policies in reducing and recycling solid wastes, Increasing population density worsening noise pollution.
You may also be interested in the countries next to Macau around its total: 3 km. Regional border (total: 1): China 3 km border – No border countries.