Brunei (GPS: 4 30 N, 114 40 E) is located in Southeastern Asia, along the northern coast of the island of Borneo, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia. The country’s area measurements are total: 5,765 sq km; land: 5,265 sq km, water: 500 sq km. This sovereign state is slightly smaller than Delaware. The total irrigated land is 10 sq km (2012).
Brunei’s important features are Close to vital sea lanes through the South China Sea linking the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Malaysia physically separates two parts. The eastern part, the Temburong district, is an exclave and is almost an enclave within Malaysia.
It’s significant. Simultaneously, the principal city, Bandar Seri Begawan’s GPS coordinates, is 4 53 N 114 56 E. Bandar Seri Begawan’s local time is 13 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time. The capital’s time difference: UTC+8.
Google Maps Brunei and Bandar Seri Begawan, Southeast Asia
About Brunei in detail
Flag of Brunei
Map of Brunei
The Sultanate of Brunei’s influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the world’s highest per capita GDPs. In 2017, Brunei celebrated the 50th anniversary of Sultan Hassanal BOLKIAH’s accession to the throne.
Brunei’s names conventional long form: Brunei Darussalam, traditional short form: Brunei, local long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam, local short state: Brunei, etymology: derivation of the name is unclear; according to legend, MUHAMMAD SHAH, who would become the first sultan of Brunei, upon discovering what would become Brunei exclaimed “Baru Nah,” which roughly translates as “there” or “that’s it.” Derivation of the name is unclear; According to legend, MUHAMMAD SHAH, who would become the first sultan of Brunei, upon discovering what would become Brunei, exclaimed “Baru Nah,” which roughly translates as “there” or “that’s it.”
Brunei’s terrain is typically flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in the west. The country’s mean elevation: 478 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: the South China Sea 0 m, highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m.
The general climate in the country; tropical: hot, humid, rainy.
The total number of border countries is 1, Malaysia 266 km are the neighboring nations with the indicated border lengths. Brunei’s coastline is 161 km, while its marital claims are: territorial sea: 12 nautical miles, exclusive economic zone: 200 nautical miles or to median line. Waterways: 209 km (navigable by craft drawing less than 1.2 m; the Belait, Brunei, and Tutong rivers are major transport links) (2012). Land use: agricultural land: 2.5%; arable land 0.8%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 0.6%; forest: 71.8%; other: 25.7% (2011 estimate).
The population in Brunei 450,565 (July 2018 estimate), urban population: 77.2% of total population (2015), major urban area’s population: BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (capital) 241,000 (2011), while Brunei has N/A. Their spoken languages are Malay (official language), English, Chinese dialects. Main religions in Brunei are Muslim (official) 78.8%, Christian 8.7%, Buddhist 7.8%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 4.7% (2011 estimate). The nation uses a mixed legal system based on English common law and Islamic law; note – in May 2014, the first phase of sharia-based penal codes was instituted, which applies to Muslims and non-Muslims and exists in parallel to the existing common law-based code. It is a(n) absolute monarchy or sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy), National holiday(s) National Day, 23 February (1984).
Economic overview for the country: Brunei is an energy-rich sultanate on Borneo’s northern coast in Southeast Asia. Brunei boasts a well-educated, mostly English-speaking population; Excellent infrastructure; And a stable government intent on attracting foreign investment. Crude oil and natural gas production account for approximately 65% of GDP and 95% of exports, with Japan as the primary export market. Per capita GDP is among the highest globally, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic hydrocarbon production. Bruneian citizens pay no personal income taxes, and the government provides free medical services and free education through the university level. The Bruneian Government wants to diversify its economy away from hydrocarbon exports to other industries such as information and communications technology and halal manufacturing, permissible under Islamic law. Brunei’s trade increased in 2016 and 2017, following its regional economic integration in the ASEAN Economic Community and the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement’s expected ratification.
Natural resources of Brunei: petroleum, natural gas, timber.
Main export partners for Brunei, Southeast Asia are Japan 35.9%, South Korea 14.8%, Thailand 10.8%, India 9.8%, NZ 5.6%, Australia 5% (2015) for mineral fuels, organic chemicals, while the main import partners for the country are: Singapore 27.9%, China 25.3%, Malaysia 12.4%, UK 10.6%, South Korea 4.9% (2015) for machinery and mechanical appliance parts, mineral fuels, motor vehicles, electric machinery.
When you visit this country in Southeast Asia, consider Brunei’s natural hazards: Typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare, while infectious diseases are N/A. Note that Brunei faces the following environmental issues: No major ecological problems, but air pollution control is becoming a concern, Seasonal trans-boundary haze from forest fires in Indonesia.
You may also be interested in Brunei’s surrounding countries around its total 266 km border, like Malaysia.