Algeria (GPS: 28 00 N, 3 00 E) located in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia. The country’s area measurements are total: 2,381,741 sq km; land: 2,381,741 sq km, water: 0 sq km. This sovereign state is slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas. The total irrigated land is 5,700 sq km (2012).
One of the essential features of Algeria: Largest country in Africa but 80% desert. Canyons and caves in the southern Hoggar Mountains and the barren Tassili n’Ajjer area in the southeast of the country contain numerous examples of prehistoric art-rock paintings and carvings depicting human activities and wild and domestic animals (elephants, giraffes, cattle) – that date to the African Humid Period, roughly 11,000 to 5,000 years ago when the region completely vegetated.