Gibraltar (GPS: 36 08 N, 5 21 W) is located in Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain. The country’s area measurements are total: 6.5 sq km; land: 6.5 sq km, water: 0 sq km. This sovereign state is more than ten times the size of The National Mall in Washington, D.C. The total irrigated land is N/A.
One of Gibraltar’s essential features: Strategic location in the Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. One of only two British territories where traffic drives on the right, the other being the island of Diego Garcia in British Indian Ocean Territory.
It’s significant, and at the same time, the principal city, Gibraltar’s GPS coordinates are 36 08 N 5 21 W. Gibraltar’s local time is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time. The capital’s time difference: UTC+1, note; Daylight saving time: +1hr begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October.
Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; The British garrison had formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. The subsequent granting of autonomy in 1969 by the UK led Spain to close the border and sever all communication links. Between 1997 and 2002, the UK and Spain held a series of talks on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltar Government called a referendum in late 2002 in which the majority of citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain.
Since late 2004, Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar have held tripartite talks to resolve problems that affect the local population cooperatively, and work continues on cooperation agreements in areas such as taxation and financial services; Communications and maritime security; Policy, legal and customs services; Environmental protection; And education and visa services. A new noncolonial constitution came into force in 2007, and the European Court of First Instance recognized Gibraltar’s right to regulate its tax regime in December 2008. The UK retains responsibility for defense, foreign relations, internal security, and financial stability. Spain and the UK continue to spar over the territory. Throughout 2009, a dispute over Gibraltar’s claim to territorial waters extending out three miles gave rise to periodic non-violent maritime confrontations between Spanish and UK naval patrols, and in 2013, the British reported a record number of entries by Spanish vessels into waters claimed by Gibraltar following a dispute over Gibraltar’s creation of an artificial reef in those waters.
Spain renewed its demands for Gibraltar’s eventual return to Spanish control after the UK’s June 2016 vote to leave the EU. Still, London has dismissed any connection between the vote and its continued sovereignty over Gibraltar. The EU has said that Gibraltar will be outside the territorial scope of any future UK-EU trade deal and that separate agreements between the EU and UK regarding Gibraltar would require Spain’s prior approval.
Gibraltar’s names conventional long form: none, traditional short form: Gibraltar, etymology: from the Spanish derivation of the Arabic “Jabal Tariq,” which means “Mountain of Tariq” and which refers to the Rock of Gibraltar. From the Spanish derivation of the Arabic “Jabal Tariq,” which means “Mountain of Tariq” and refers to the Rock of Gibraltar.
Gibraltar’s terrain is typically a narrow coastal lowland border, the Rock of Gibraltar. The country’s mean elevation: N/A, elevation extremes; lowest point: the Mediterranean Sea 0 m, highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m.
The general climate in the country; the Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers.
The total number of border countries is 1, Spain 1.2 km are the neighboring nations with the indicated border lengths. Gibraltar’s coastline is 12 km, while its marital claims are: territorial sea: 3 nautical miles. Waterways: N/A. Land use: agricultural land: 0%; arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%; forest: 0%; other: 100% (2011 estimate).
The population in Gibraltar 29,461 (July 2018 estimate), urban population: 100% of total population (2015), major urban area’s population: GIBRALTAR (capital) 29,000 (2014), while Gibraltar has N/A. Their spoken languages are English (used in schools and for official language purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese. Main religions in Gibraltar are Roman Catholic 78.1%, Church of England 7%, Muslim 4%, other Christian 3.2%, Jewish 2.1%, Hindu 1.8%, other 0.9%, none 2.9% (2001 estimate). The nation uses the laws of the UK, where applicable apply. It is a(n) parliamentary democracy (Parliament); self-governing overseas territory of the UK, National holiday(s) National Day, 10 September (1967).
Economic overview for the country: Self-sufficient Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade, offshore banking, and its position as an international conference center. Tax rates are low to attract foreign investment. The British military presence has been sharply reduced and now contributes about 7% to the local economy, compared with 60% in 1984. In recent years, Gibraltar has seen a significant structural change from a public to a private sector economy. However, changes in government spending still have a substantial impact on the level of employment. The financial sector, tourism (over 11 million visitors in 2012), gaming revenues, shipping services fees, and consumer goods duties also generate income. The financial sector, tourism, and the shipping sector contribute 30%, 30%, and 25%, respectively, GDP. Telecommunications, e-commerce, and e-gaming account for the remaining 15%.
Natural resources of Gibraltar: none.
Main export partners for Gibraltar, Europe are for principally re-exports petroleum 51%, manufactured goods (2010 estimate), while the country’s main import partners are: N/A for fuels, manufactured goods, foodstuffs.
When you visit this country in Europe, consider the natural hazards in Gibraltar: N/A, while infectious diseases are N/A. Also, note that Gibraltar faces the following environmental issues: Limited natural fresh water resources: more than 90% of drinking water supplied by desalination, the remainder from stored rainwater, A separate supply of saltwater used for sanitary services.
You may also be interested in the countries next to Gibraltar around its total: 1.2 km border, like Spain.