Egypt (GPS: 27 00 N, 30 00 E) located in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, including the Asian Sinai Peninsula. The country’s area measurements are total: 1,001,450 sq km; land: 995,450 sq km, water: 6,000 sq km. This sovereign state is more than eight times the size of Ohio, slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico. The total irrigated land is 36,500 sq km (2012).
One of Egypt’s important features: Controls the Sinai Peninsula, the only land bridge between Africa and the remainder of the Eastern Hemisphere. Controls Suez Canal, a sea link between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Size, and juxtaposition to Israel, establish its significant role in Middle Eastern geopolitics. Dependence on upstream neighbors. The dominance of Nile basin issues. Prone to influxes of refugees from Sudan and the Palestinian territories.