Liberia (GPS: 6 30 N, 9 30 W) located in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone. The country’s area measurements are total: 111,369 sq km; land: 96,320 sq km, water: 15,049 sq km. This sovereign state is slightly larger than Tennessee. The total irrigated land is 30 sq km (2012).
One of Liberia’s essential features: Facing the Atlantic Ocean, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars. The inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture.
It’s significant, and at the same time, the principal city, Monrovia’s GPS coordinates are 6 18 N 10 48 W. Monrovia’s local time is 5 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time. The capital’s time difference: UTC 0.
Settlement of freed slaves from the US in today Liberia began in 1822; By 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendants of the original settlers and the interior inhabitants. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE’s regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE was killed. A period of relative peace in 1997 allowed for an election that brought TAYLOR to power, but major fighting resumed in 2000.
An August 2003 peace agreement ended the war. It prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who was convicted by the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone in The Hague for his involvement in Sierra Leone’s civil war. After two years of rule by a transitional government, democratic elections in late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF to power. She subsequently won reelection in 2011 but was challenged to rebuild Liberia’s economy, particularly following the 2014-15 Ebola epidemic, and to reconcile a nation still recovering from 14 years of fighting. Constitutional term limits barred President JOHNSON SIRLEAF from running for re-election. Legal challenges delayed the 2017 presidential runoff election, which was eventually won by George WEAH. In March 2018, the UN completed its 15-year peacekeeping mission in Liberia.
Liberia’s names conventional long form: the Republic of Liberia, traditional short form: Liberia, etymology: name derives from the Latin word “liber,” meaning “free”; so named because the nation was created as a homeland for liberated African-American slaves. The name derives from the Latin word “liber,” meaning “free”; So named because the nation was created as a homeland for liberated African-American slaves.
Liberia’s terrain is typically flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in the northeast. The country’s mean elevation: 243 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,380 m.
The country’s general climate is tropical: hot, humid: dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights: wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers.
The total number of border countries is 3, Guinea 590 km, Cote d’Ivoire 778 km, Sierra Leone 299 km are the neighboring nations with the indicated border lengths. Liberia’s coastline is 579 km, while its marital claims are: territorial sea: 200 nautical miles. Waterways: N/A. Land use: agricultural land: 28.1%; arable land 5.2%; permanent crops 2.1%; permanent pasture 20.8%; forest: 44.6%; other: 27.3% (2011 estimate).
The population in Liberia 4,809,768 (July 2018 estimate), urban population: 49.7% of total population (2015), major urban area’s population: MONROVIA (capital) 1.264 million (2015). Their spoken languages are English 20% (official language), some 20 ethnic group languages, few of which can be written or used in correspondence. Main religions in Liberia are Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.4% (2008 Census). The nation uses a mixed legal system of common law (based on Anglo-American law) and customary law. It is a(n) presidential republic, National holiday(s) Independence Day, 26 July (1847).
Economic overview for the country: Liberia is a low-income country that relies heavily on foreign assistance and remittances from the diaspora. It is richly endowed with water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture. Its principal exports are iron ore, rubber, diamonds, and gold. Palm oil and cocoa are emerging as new export products. The government has attempted to revive raw timber extraction and is encouraging oil exploration. In the 1990s and early 2000s, civil war and government mismanagement destroyed much of Liberia’s economy, especially infrastructure in and around the capital. Much of the conflict was fueled by control over Liberia’s natural resources.
With the conclusion of fighting and installing a democratically elected government in 2006, businesses that had fled the country began to return. The country achieved high growth during the period 2010-2013 due to favorable world prices for its commodities. However, during the 2014-2015 Ebola crisis, the economy declined, and many foreign-owned businesses departed with their capital and expertise. The epidemic forced the government to divert scarce resources to combat the virus’s spread, reducing funds available for needed public investment. The cost of addressing the Ebola epidemic coincided with decreased economic activity reducing government revenue, although higher donor support significantly offset this loss. During the same period, global commodities prices for crucial exports fell and have yet to recover to pre-Ebola levels. In 2017, gold was a key driver of growth, as a new mining project began its first full year of production; Iron ore exports are also increased as Arcelor Mittal opened new mines at Mount Gangra.
The completion of the rehabilitation of the Mount Coffee Hydroelectric Dam increased electricity production to support ongoing and future economic activity. However, electricity tariffs remain high relative to other countries in the region, and transmission infrastructure is limited. Presidential and legislative elections in October 2017 generated election-related spending pressures. Revitalizing the economy in the future will depend on economic diversification, increasing investment and trade, higher global commodity prices, sustained foreign aid and remittances, development of infrastructure and institutions, combating corruption, and maintaining political stability and security.
Natural resources of Liberia: iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower.
Main export partners for Liberia, Africa are Poland 32.9%, China 20.7%, India 9.3%, US 5.1%, Greece 4.7%, France 4.3% (2015) for rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee, while the main import partners for the country are: Singapore 28.7%, China 16%, South Korea 15.3%, Japan 10.3%, Philippines 6.6% (2015) for fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; foodstuffs.
When you visit this country in Africa, consider the natural hazards in Liberia: Dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March), while infectious diseases are a degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever water contact disease: schistosomiasisaerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever animal contact disease: rabies (2016). Also, note that Liberia faces the following environmental issues: Tropical rain forest deforestation, Soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, Hunting of endangered species for bushmeat, Pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage, Pollution of rivers from industrial run-off, Burning and dumping of household waste.
You may also be interested in the countries next to Liberia around its total: 1,667 km border, like Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone.