San Marino (GPS: 43 46 N, 12 25 E) is located in Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy. The country’s area measurements are total: 61 sq km; land: 61 sq km, water: 0 sq km. This sovereign state is about one-third the size of Washington, DC. The total irrigated land is 0 sq km (2012).
One of the important features of San Marino: Landlocked (enclosed or nearly enclosed by land). An enclave of (surrounded by) Italy. The smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco. Dominated by the Apennine Mountains.
It’s significant, and at the same time, the principal city, San Marino (city)’s GPS coordinates are 43 56 N 12 25 E. San Marino (city)’s local time is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time. The capital’s time difference: UTC+1, note; Daylight saving time: +1hr begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October.
Google Maps San Marino and San Marino (city), Europe
About San Marino in detail
Flag of San Marino
Map of San Marino
Geographically the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world’s oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named MARINUS in A.D. 301. San Marino’s foreign policy is aligned with that of the EU, although it is not a member; social and political trends in the republic track closely with those of its larger neighbor, Italy.
San Marino’s names conventional long form: the Republic of San Marino, conventional short form: San Marino, local long form: Repubblica di San Marino, local short form: San Marino, etymology: named after Saint MARINUS, the traditional founder of the country. Named after Saint MARINUS, who in A.D. 301 founded the monastic settlement around which the city and later the state of San Marino coalesced.
San Marino’s terrain is typically rugged mountains. The country’s mean elevation: N/A, elevation extremes; lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m, highest point: Monte Titano 755 m.
The general climate in the country; Mediterranean: mild to cool winters: warm, sunny summers.
The total number of border countries is 1, Italy 37 km are the neighboring nations with the indicated border lengths. San Marino’s coastline is 0 km (landlocked country), while its marital claims are: none. Waterways: N/A. Land use: agricultural land: 16.7%; arable land 16.7%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%; forest: 0%; other: 83.3% (2011 estimate).
The population in San Marino 33,779 (July 2018 estimate), urban population: 94.2% of total population (2015), major urban area’s population: SAN MARINO 4,000 (2014), while San Marino has N/A. Their spoken languages are Italian. The main religions in San Marino are Roman Catholic. The nation uses a civil law system with Italian civil law influences. It is a(n) parliamentary republic, National holiday(s) Founding of the Republic, 3 September (A.D. 301).
Economic overview for the country: San Marino’s economy relies heavily on tourism, banking, and the manufacture and export of ceramics, clothing, fabrics, furniture, paints, spirits, tiles, and wine. The manufacturing and financial sectors account for more than half of San Marino’s GDP. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of Italy’s most prosperous regions. San Marino’s economy contracted considerably in the years since 2008, largely due to weakened demand from Italy – which accounts for nearly 90% of its export market – and financial sector consolidation. Difficulties in the banking sector, the global economic downturn, and the sizable decline in tax revenues all contributed to negative real GDP growth.
The government adopted measures to counter the downturn, including subsidized credit to businesses, and is seeking to shift its growth model away from a reliance on bank and tax secrecy. San Marino does not issue public debt securities; when necessary, it finances deficits by drawing down central bank deposits. The economy benefits from foreign investment due to its relatively low corporate taxes and low taxes on interest earnings. The income tax rate is also shallow, about one-third the average EU level. San Marino continues to work towards harmonizing its fiscal laws with EU and international standards. In September 2009, the OECD removed San Marino from its list of tax havens that have yet to adopt global tax standards fully, and in 2010 San Marino signed Tax Information Exchange Agreements with most major countries. In 2013, the San Marino Government signed a Double Taxation Agreement with Italy, but a referendum on EU membership failed to reach the quorum needed to bring it to a vote.
Natural resources of San Marino: building stone.
Main export partners for San Marino, Europe are Italy 82.3% (2012 estimate) for building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics, while the main import partners for the country are: Italy 81.8% (2012 estimate) for a wide variety of consumer manufactures, food, energy.
When you visit this country in Europe, consider the natural hazards in San Marino: N/A, while infectious diseases are N/A. Also, note that San Marino faces the following environmental issues: Air pollution, urbanization decreasing rural farmlands, water shortage.
You may also be interested in the countries next to San Marino around its total: 37 km border, like Italy.