Canada (GPS: 60 00 N, 95 00 W) located in Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north of the conterminous US. The country’s area measurements are total: 9,984,670 sq km; land: 9,093,507 sq km, water: 891,163 sq km. This sovereign state is slightly larger than the US. The total irrigated land is 8,700 sq km (2012).
One of Canada’s crucial features is the second-largest country globally (after Russia) and most extensive in the Americas. Strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route. Approximately 90% of the population concentrated within 160 km (100 mi) of the US border. Canada has more freshwater than any other country, and almost 9% of Canadian territory is water. Canada has at least 2 million and possibly over 3 million lakes – that is more than all other countries combined.
It’s significant, and at the same time, the principal city, Ottawa’s GPS coordinates, are 45 25 N 75 42 W. Ottawa’s local time is the same time as Washington DC during Standard Time. The capital’s time difference: UTC-5, note; Daylight saving time: +1hr begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November. Note: Canada has six time zones.
A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Canada repatriated its constitution from the UK in 1982, severing a final colonial link. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world’s longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness and responding to predominantly francophone Quebec’s particular concerns. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.
Canada’s names conventional long form: none, traditional short way: Canada, etymology: the country name derives from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word “Kanata” meaning village or settlement. The country name likely derives from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word “Kanata,” meaning village or settlement.
Canada’s terrain is typically mostly plained with mountains in the west, lowlands in the southeast. The country’s mean elevation: 487 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Mount Logan 5,959 m.
The general climate in the country; varies from temperate in the south to subarctic and arctic in the north.
The total number of border countries is 1, US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska). Note: Canada is the world’s largest country that borders only one country is the neighboring nations with the indicated border lengths. Canada’s coastline is 202,080 km. Note: the Canadian Arctic Archipelago – consisting of 36,563 islands, several of them some of the world’s most extensive – contributes to Canada quickly having the longest coastline in the world, while its marital claims are: territorial sea: 12 nautical miles, contiguous zone: 24 nautical miles, exclusive economic zone: 200 nautical miles, continental shelf: 200 nautical miles or to the edge of the continental margin.
Waterways: 636 km (Saint Lawrence Seaway of 3,769 km, including the Saint Lawrence River of 3,058 km, shared with the United States) (2011). Land use: agricultural land: 6.8%; arable land 4.7%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 1.6%; forest: 34.1%; other: 59.1% (2011 estimate).
The population in Canada 35,881,659 (July 2018 estimate), urban population: 81.8% of total population (2015), major urban area’s population: Toronto 5.993 million; Montreal 3.981 million; Vancouver 2.485 million; Calgary 1.337 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.326 million; Edmonton 1.272 million (2015), while Canada has a vast majority of Canadians positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km (180 mi) of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia. Their spoken languages are: English (official language) 58.7%, French (official language) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 estimate). Main religions in Canada are Catholic 39% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), Orthodox 1.6%, other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 estimate).
The nation uses a common law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails. It is a(n) federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy, a Commonwealth realm, National holiday(s) Canada Day, 1 July (1867).
Economic overview for the country: Canada resembles the US in its market-oriented financial system, production pattern, and high living standards. Since World War II, the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors’ impressive growth has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into primarily industrial and urban. Canada has a large oil and natural gas sector, with most crude oil production derived from oil sands in the western provinces, especially Alberta. Canada now ranks third in the world in proved oil reserves behind Venezuela and Saudi Arabia and is the world’s seventh-largest oil producer. The 1989 Canada-US Free Trade Agreement and the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (which includes Mexico) dramatically increased trade and economic integration between the US and Canada. Canada and the US enjoy the world’s most comprehensive bilateral trade and investment relationship, with goods and services trade totaling more than $680 billion in 2017 and two-way investment stocks of more than $800 billion.
Over three-fourths of Canada’s merchandise exports are destined for the US each year. Canada is the largest foreign supplier of energy to the US, including oil, natural gas, and electric power, and a top source of US uranium imports. Given its abundant natural resources, highly skilled labor force, and modern capital stock, Canada enjoyed substantial economic growth from 1993 through 2007. The global financial crisis of 2007-2008 moved the Canadian economy into a sharp recession by late 2008, and Ottawa posted its first fiscal deficit in 2009 after 12 years of surplus. Canada’s central banks emerged from the financial crisis of 2008-2009 among the strongest in the world, owing to the financial sector’s tradition of conservative lending practices and strong capitalization. Canada’s economy posted strong growth in 2017 at 3%, but most analysts are projecting Canada’s economic growth will drop back closer to 2% in 2018.
Main export partners for Canada, North America, are US 76.7% (2015) for motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum, while the main import partners for the country are: the US 53.1%, China 12.2%, Mexico 5.8% (2015) for machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods.
When you visit this country in North America, consider the natural hazards in Canada: Continuous permafrost in the north is a severe obstacle to development, cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country’s rain and snow east of the mountains volcanism: the vast majority of volcanoes in Western Canada’s Coast Mountains remain dormant, while infectious diseases are N/A. Also, note that Canada faces the following environmental issues: Metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting agricultural and forest productivity, Air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests, Ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities.
You may also be interested in the countries next to Canada around its total: 8,893 km border, like the United States.