Denmark (GPS: 56 00 N, 10 00 E) located in Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes several major islands (Sjaelland, Fyn, and Bornholm). The country’s area measurements are total: 43,094 sq km; land: 42,434 sq km, water: 660 sq km. This sovereign state is slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts. The total irrigated land is 4,350 sq km (2012).
One of Denmark’s essential features: Composed of the Jutland Peninsula and a group of more than 400 islands (Danish Archipelago). Controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas. About one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen.
It’s significant, and at the same time, the principal city, Copenhagen’s GPS coordinates are 55 40 N 12 35 E. Copenhagen’s local time is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time. The capital’s time difference: UTC+1, note; Daylight saving time: +1hr begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October. Note: applies to continental Denmark only not to its North Atlantic components.
Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the EU’s Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union, European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.
Denmark’s names conventional long form: Kingdom of Denmark, conventional short form: Denmark, local long form: Kongeriget Danmark, local short form: Danmark, etymology: the name derives from the words “Dane(s)” and “mark”; the latter referring to a march (borderland) or forest. The name derives from the words “Dane(s)” and “mark”; The latter referring to a march (borderland) or forest.
Denmark’s terrain is typically low and flat to gently rolling plains. The country’s mean elevation: 34 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m, highest point: Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj 171 m.
The general climate in the country; temperate: humid and overcast: mild, windy winters and cool summers.
The total number of border countries is 1, Germany 140 km are the neighboring nations with the indicated border lengths. Denmark’s coastline is 7,314 km, while its marital claims are: territorial sea: 12 nautical miles, contiguous zone: 24 nautical miles, exclusive economic zone: 200 nautical miles, continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation. Waterways: 400 km (2010). Land use: agricultural land: 63.4%; arable land 58.9%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 4.4%; forest: 12.9%; other: 23.7%note: highest percentage of arable land for any country in the world (2011 estimate).
The population in Denmark 5,809,502 (July 2018 estimate), urban population: 87.7% of total population (2015), central metropolitan area’s population: COPENHAGEN (capital) 1.268 million (2015), while Denmark has with excellent access to the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, and the Baltic Sea, population centers tend to be along coastal areas, particularly in Copenhagen and the eastern side of the country’s mainland.
Their spoken languages are: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority). Note: English is the predominant second language. Main religions in Denmark are Evangelical Lutheran (official) 80%, Muslim 4%, other (denominations of less than 1% each, includes Roman Catholic, Jehovah’s Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, and Buddhist) 16% (2012 estimate). The nation uses civil law; judicial review of legislative acts. It is a(n) parliamentary constitutional monarchy, National holiday(s) none designated; Constitution Day, 5 June (1849) is generally viewed as National Day.
Economic overview for the country: This thoroughly modern market economy features advanced industry with world-leading firms in pharmaceuticals, maritime shipping, and renewable energy, and a high-tech agricultural sector. Danes enjoy a high standard of living, and the Danish economy is characterized by extensive government welfare measures and an equitable distribution of income. An aging population will be a long-term issue. Denmark’s small open economy is highly dependent on foreign trade, and the government strongly supports trade liberalization. Denmark is a net exporter of food, oil, and gas and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus, but depends on imports of raw materials for the manufacturing sector.
Denmark is a member of the EU but not the eurozone. Despite previously meeting the criteria to join the European Economic and Monetary Union, Denmark has negotiated an opt-out with the EU and is not required to adopt the euro. Denmark is experiencing a modest economic expansion. The economy grew by 2.0% in 2016 and 2.1% in 2017. The growth is expected to decline slightly in 2018. Unemployment stood at 5.5% in 2017, based on the national labor survey. The labor market was tight in 2017, with corporations experiencing some difficulty finding appropriately-skilled workers to fill billets. The Danish Government offers extensive programs to train unemployed persons to work in sectors that need qualified workers.
Denmark maintained a healthy budget surplus for many years up to 2008, but the global financial crisis swung the budget balance into deficit. Since 2014 the balance has shifted between surplus and deficit. In 2017 there was a surplus of 1.0%. The government projects a lower deficit in 2018 and 2019 of 0.7%, and public debt (EMU debt) as a share of GDP is expected to decline to 35.6% in 2018 and 34.8% in 2019. The Danish Government plans to address increasing municipal, public housing and integration spending in 2018.
Natural resources of Denmark: petroleum, natural gas, fish, arable land, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand.
Main export partners for Denmark, Europe are Germany 17.8%, Sweden 11.6%, US 8.4%, Norway 6.3%, UK 6.3%, Netherlands 4.4%, China 4.2% (2015) for machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, pharmaceuticals, furniture, windmills, while the main import partners for the country are: Germany 20.4%, Sweden 12.3%, Netherlands 8.1%, China 7.3%, Norway 6.1%, UK 4.4% (2015) for machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods.
When you visit this country in Europe, consider the natural hazards in Denmark: Flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes, while infectious diseases are N/A. Also, note that Denmark faces the following environmental issues: Air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions, Nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea, Drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides, Much of country’s household and industrial waste is recycled.
You may also be interested in the countries next to Denmark around its total: 140 km border, like Germany.