Eritrea (GPS: 15 00 N, 39 00 E) is located in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. The country’s area measurements are total: 117,600 sq km; land: 101,000 sq km, water: 16,600 sq km. This sovereign state is slightly larger than Pennsylvania. The total irrigated land is 210 sq km (2012).
One of the essential features of Eritrea: Strategic geopolitical position along the world’s busiest shipping lanes. Eritrea retained Ethiopia’s entire coastline along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993.