Guam (GPS: 13 28 N, 144 47 E) is located in Oceania, an island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. The country’s area measurements are total: 544 sq km; land: 544 sq km, water: 0 sq km. This sovereign state is three times the size of Washington, DC. The total irrigated land is two sq km (2012).
One of Guam’s essential features: A largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago and the largest island in Micronesia. Strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean.
It’s significant, and at the same time, the principal city, Hagatna’s GPS coordinates are 13 28 N 144 44 E. Hagatna’s local time is 15 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time. The capital’s time difference: UTC+10.
Spain ceded Guam to the US in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installations on the island are some of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific; They also constitute the island’s most important source of income and economic stability.
Guam’s names conventional long form: Territory of Guam, conventional short form: Guam, local long form: Guahan, local short form: Guahan, etymology: the native Chamorro name for the island “Guahan” (meaning “we have” or “ours”) was changed to Guam in the 1898 Treaty of Paris whereby Spain relinquished Guam, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the US. The native Chamorro name for the island “Guahan” (meaning “we have” or “ours”) was changed to Guam in the 1898 Treaty of Paris, whereby Spain relinquished Guam, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the US.
Guam’s terrain is typically volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most freshwater), steep coastal cliffs, and narrow coastal plains north, low hills in the center, mountains in the south. The country’s mean elevation: N/A, elevation extremes; lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m, highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m.
The country’s general climate is tropical marine: generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds: the dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December): little seasonal temperature variation.
The total number of border countries is 0; none are the neighboring nations with the indicated border lengths. Guam’s coastline is 125.5 km, while its marital claims are: territorial sea: 12 nautical miles, exclusive economic zone: 200 nautical miles. Waterways: N/A. Land use: agricultural land: 33.4%; arable land 1.9%; permanent crops 16.7%; permanent pasture 14.8%; forest: 47.9%; other: 18.7% (2011 estimate).
The population in Guam 167,772 (July 2018 estimate), urban population: 94.5% of total population (2015), major urban area’s population: HAGATNA (capital) 143,000 (2014), while Guam has N/A. Their spoken languages are: English 43.6%, Filipino 21.2%, Chamorro 17.8%, other Pacific island languages 10%, Asian languages 6.3%, other 1.1% (2010 estimate). The main religions in Guam are Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 estimate). The nation uses common law modeled on the US system; US federal laws apply. It is a(n) presidential democracy; a self-governing unincorporated territory of the US, National holiday(s) Discovery Day (or Magellan Day), first Monday in March (1521).
Economic overview for the country: US national defense spending is the primary driver of Guam’s economy, followed closely by tourism and other services. Guam serves as a forward US base for the Western Pacific and is home to thousands of American military personnel. Total federal spending (defense and non-defense) amounted to $1.988 billion in 2016 or 34.2 of Guam’s GDP. Of that total, federal grants and cover-over payments amounted to $3444.1 million in 2016 or 35.8% of Guam’s total revenues for the fiscal year. In 2016, Guam’s economy grew 0.3%.
Despite slow growth, Guam’s economy has been stable over the last decade. National defense spending cushions the island’s economy against fluctuations in tourism. Service exports, mainly spending by foreign tourists in Guam, amounted to over $1 billion for the first time in 2016, or 17.8% of GDP.
Main export partners for Guam, Oceania are N/A for transshipments of refined petroleum products, construction materials, fish, foodstuffs, and beverages. The country’s main import partners are N/A for petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods.
When you visit this country in Oceania, consider the natural hazards in Guam: Frequent storms during the rainy season, relatively rare but potentially destructive typhoons (June to December), while infectious diseases are N/A. Also, note that Guam faces the following environmental issues: Freshwater scarcity, Reef damage, Inadequate sewage treatment, Extermination of native bird populations by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive species.
You may also be interested in the countries next to Guam around its 0 km border – No border countries.