Mali (GPS: 17 00 N, 4 00 W) located in interior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria, north of Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, and Burkina Faso, west of Niger. The country’s area measurements are total: 1,240,192 sq km; land: 1,220,190 sq km, water: 20,002 sq km. This sovereign state is slightly less than twice the size of Texas. The total irrigated land is 3,780 sq km (2012).
One of the essential features of Mali: Landlocked (enclosed or nearly enclosed by land). Divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese. The central, semiarid Sahelian. And the northern, arid Saharan.